Muharram is the period of grief and mourning for Shia Muslims across the world. In the month of Muharram, mourners offer prayers at mosques and take out processions grieving the death of the Prophet’s grandson.
Muslims in several parts of the world observe the mourning during Muharram with blood donation. During the month of Muharram, the first in the Islamic lunar calendar, the day of Ashura is very significant.
DEATH WITH DIGNITY IS BETTER
THAN A LIFE OF HUMILIATION – IMAM HUSSEIN (A.S)
When is Ashura 2020
Day of Ashura or 10 Muharram 2020 is expected to take place on the 28th and 29th of August 2020 (9th and 10th Muharram accordingly). However, exact date of Ashura 2020 depends on your location and sighting of Moon of Muharram 1442.
The practice of fasting on Ashura was known even before emergence of Islam. When the Prophet (S.A.W.) arrived in Madinah at the time of migration, the Jews were observing the fast on ‘Ashura’ and they said:
“This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh,”
On that, the Prophet (S.A.W.) said to his companions (R.A.):
“You (Muslims) have more right to celebrate Moses’ victory than they have, so observe the fast on this day.”
(Sahih Bukhari: 4680)
When different Companions (R.A.) told Prophet (S.A.W.) that fasting on the day of Ashura is glorified among Jews and Christians, then Prophet (S.A.W.) encourage them by saying:
“If I live until next year, I will fast the ninth day (of Muharram) too.”
(Ibn Majah: 1736)
Unfortunately, Prophet (S.A.W.) did not live to see the next year. Therefore, Muslims consider the 9th and 10th of Muharram as significant days in the Islamic calendar and observe fast on these days. [Sahih Muslim: 1134 (a)]
In the light of the Hadith, it is more advisable but not mandatory that the fast of 10th of Muharram should be attached with another fast preferably on 9th of Muharram because Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) wanted to distinguish the Islamic way of fasting from that of Jews as they only keep fast on the 10th of Muharram. However, most scholars agree that the fast of Ashura should be observed with fasting on the 9th or 11th of Muharram
Muharram 2020: Know about the day of Ashura
- Shia Muslims mark the ceremonial mourning on this day and it’s called Ashura
- On the day of Ashura, the grandson of the Prophet, Hussain Ibn Ali was killed in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD
- The Shia Muslims mourn the day of Ashura by flagellating themselves with sharp objects
- This symbolises the suffering experienced by the Prophet’s grandson before his death
- Ashura also marks the day Musa (Moses) was saved from the Pharaoh of Egypt by God
- The day of Ashura is also a symbol of struggle against injustice and oppression
As mentioned above, fasting on the day of Ashura is confirmed Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (S.A.W.) and one should also not forget that Muharram is Allah’s month.
By observing fast on the Day of Ashura and doing good deeds, we will be reviving one of our Prophet’s (S.A.W) Sunnah and whoever revives Sunnah of Prophet (S.A.W.), he / she will be with our beloved Prophet (S.A.W.) in paradise according to the following Hadith, narrated by Anas bin Malik (R.A.) that Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said:
“Whoever revives my Sunnah then he has loved me. And whoever loved me, he shall be with me in Paradise.'”
Also strengthen your relationship with Allah through regular Dhikr and Duas and helping others fellow Muslims. And Allah rewards every good deed.
May Allah help us in strengthening our Imaan and also accept good deeds of all Muslims.
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