National Sports Day is observed on 29 August every year to commemorate the birthday of Indian hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand. He was born on 29 August 1905 in the Prayagraj formerly Allahabad. Major Dhyan Chand was the captain of the Gold medal-winning Indian hockey team at the Berlin Olympics in 1936.
DHYAN CHAND: THE HOCKEY WIZARD WHO HAD THE WORLD ON HIS STICK
Reason Behind the Celebration of National Sports Day on 29th August
The greatest hockey player of India, ‘Major Dhyanchand Singh’, worldwide known as ‘Wizard of Hockey’, was born on 29 August 1905 in Allahabad city. After getting a basic education, Dhyanchand joined the Indian army as the soldier in 1922.
Dhyan Chand also followed in the footsteps of his father when he joined the army at the young age of 16. He was selected to represent India in the 1928 Summer Olympics. India won the hockey gold in this Olympics and Dhyan Chand scored two goals in the final match.
He led the Indian hockey team in the 1936 Summer Olympics final. Though he was refused permission by his regiment to participate in the 1936 Olympics, it finally relented.
The German supreme leader Adolf Hitler had sought to use the 1936 Berlin Olympics to prove his theory of ‘Aryan Supremacy’. But the stupendous performances of American black athlete Jesse Owens and India’s Dhyan Chand blew holes in his theory. He was so impressed by India’s performance in the final, which India won 8-1, that he offered the post of Colonel if Dhyan Chand migrated to Germany, which Dhyan Chand declined.
He continued playing till the age of 42, and retired from competitive hockey in 1948. The city of Vienna, Austria honored him by setting up his statue. The other statues of this legendary sportsman are in New Delhi and at Medak in Andhra Pradesh. He is a recipient of the Padma Bhushan award, which was awarded to him in 1956. His birthday on August 29 is celebrated as National Sports Day in India. He passed away on December 3, 1979.
National Sports Day Celebration
National Sports Day is also celebrated extensively at the national level. It is organized every year in the Rashtrapati Bhavan and the President of the country; it gives National Sports Awards to the respective winners who have enhanced the value of the tricolor flag all over the world.
Under the National Sports Award, players and former players are honored with many other awards like Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Arjuna Award, and Dronacharya Award. Along with all these honors, “Dhyanchand Award” is also given on this day.
After the death of Major Dhyanchand in 1979, the Indian Postal Department also paid tribute to Major Dhyan Chand and issued stamps in his honor. As a tribute to him; the National Stadium of Delhi was also renamed Major Dhyan Chand Stadium, Delhi.
So this was the complete information on Major Dhyan Chand and the celebration of the National Sports Day on the 29th of August every year.
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